For a few weeks I’ve been idly wondering why I’ve been unable to get alpine to take advantage of the syntax-highlighted goodness of vim, when viewing attached patches. Having just won another small victory against my own ignorance, I thought it best to share.
Like any sensible mail client, alpine chooses viewers for attached files using lookups of the system mailcap files,
~/.mailcap. Enabling plain-text viewing in vim should be as simple as assigning
vim to the appropriate type(s) in
~/.mailcap (and, for some types, unchecking the alpine
Show Plain Text Internally preference).
However, attempts to open plain-text files (in this case specifically
text/x-patch) in the multi-talented
vim editor failed: alpine simply returned a “finished” status, as if viewing had been successful. My suspicion was confirmed when I redirected vim’s ouptut (hidden by alpine) to a file:
Vim: Warning: Output is not to a terminal Vim: Warning: Input is not from a terminal
The latter message was well known to me; it’s usually triggered by my forgetting to affix the “stdin hyphen” whilst piping input to vim.
The problem is that both vim and alpine require control of the terminal to function; vim does not simply return beautifully ANSI-escaped coloured text for later display. Attempts to somehow force alpine to relinquish control of the terminal, or for vim to take it, failed until I discovered the secret amongst mailcap’s flags, as described by the manual:
copiousoutput This flag should be given whenever the interpreter is capable of producing more than a few lines of output on stdout, and does no interaction with the user. [...]
I’d seen this, but for some reason had always assumed ‘copiousoutput’ to be some sort of magic external pager, with no connection to the mailcap system. Reading on, the solution was clear:
needsterminal If this flag is given, the named interpreter needs to interact with the user on a terminal. [...]
So, a few amendments to
Text/X-Patch; /usr/bin/vim -R -- '%s'; needsterminal
and alpine had gained magical powers to invoke terminal-based viewers. There’s more to this; in particular the ‘
edit=‘ and ‘
compose=‘ fields, not to mention print support. But that’s enough to get basic viewing in vim.
+1 for reading the manual. -1 for not reading it before embarking on terminal manipulation…