Now that we have both the high-level visual language of ER diagrams and the more formal structures of the relational model, this lecture presented some recipes for translating from the first into the second. This isn’t always an exact match, and for any particular ER diagram we might go back to its original source to decide how to best represent it as a relational model. Even so, this kind of step-by-step staging towards a fully formal representation is an effective route to capturing the subtleties of real-world systems.
Also, there were a few references to increasingly wild estimates of how much data is created and processed worldwide year-by-year: exabytes, petabytes and yottabytes of it.
“These numbers are impressive, but still miniscule compared to the order of magnitude at which nature handles information”
Martin Hilbert, quoted in Science Daily
|Data Never Sleeps
How Much Data is Created Every Minute?
Image collating information on the rate of online activity of particular kinds.
Link: Domo blog article
|How Much is That?
Cisco Visual Networking IP Traffic Chart
Table giving examples of various magnitudes of data, from petabytes to yottabytes.
Link: Cisco Traffic Chart
|How Much Information is the in the World?
Science Daily 2011-02-11
Report on a study carried out at the University of Southern California
Google’s Datacenters on Punch Cards
If all digital data were stored on punch cards, how big would Google’s data warehouse be?
Link: What if?
|Mail Online: Information Overload
There could soon be no words to describe how much data is stored in the world
Pinpoints the nightmare scenario ahead. Illustrated with a picture of The Count from Sesame Street. (Yes, really, go look.)
Link: Mail Online article