Pilot service for Yubikey two-factor authentication

November 10, 2015

A Yubikey Cosign authentication ‘factor’

Filed under: Pilot service for Yubikey two-factor authentication — idurkacz @ 3:34 pm
Tags: , , ,

Bearing the above specification in mind, we could now write a Cosign ‘factor’/authenticator which targets Yubikeys: we’d just need to feed it with the username, as well as the one-time-password produced by the Yubikey; have it perform the authentication – by slaving that off to a back-end authentication server; and then have it produce outputs as specified by the protocol.

However: we already have a Yubico PAM module which handles the details of the back-end authentication of the Yubikey one-time-password, and it turns out that a ‘universal Cosign PAM factor adaptor’ is available – see the relevant postings on the cosign-discuss mailing list. So we can use that instead.

The relevant C code file is now part of the Cosign download tarball, but it’s not autobuilt as part of the ./configure; make process. However:

  1. find it (as file pam_factor.c in the cgi/factors directory of the distribution);
  2. build it as follows:
    gcc -lpam -o pam_factor pam_factor.c
    
  3. copy the resulting binary factor to some suitable location, e.g., /usr/lib/cosign/factors; and
  4. edit /etc/cosign.conf to add the factor.

In the /etc/cosign.conf configuration file, all this finally takes the form:

factor /usr/lib/cosign/factors/otp login passcode

where otp is a symlink to the universal Cosign PAM factor adaptor pam_factor, and a new ‘otp‘ PAM service using the Yubico PAM module has also been declared.

Note: the name of the factor is significant, and is more than just, for example, self-documentation! Recall that the factor must, on successful authentication:

  • write the factor name to stdout; and
  • exit with 0.

The universal Cosign PAM ‘factor adaptor’ is coded to emit a factor name which corresponds to its basename – i.e. in our case, it will emit the factor name of ‘otp‘ on successful authentication. So the literal factor name ‘otp‘ is what the rest of the corresponding Cosign configuration client-side must be set up to expect.

In addition: the name of the corresponding local PAM service must match that of the factor: the factor is coded to call out to the local PAM service which corresponds to its basename.

Finally, however: why call this factor ‘otp‘ rather than, say, the more mnemonic name ‘yubikey‘? After all, both of the above-mentioned pieces of configuration could be fixed up accordingly. Well, as well as ‘leaking’ less internal configuration information, it turns out that the factor ‘otp‘ is already explicitly supported by the supporting HTML and Javascript distributed in the Cosign tarball. So ‘otp‘ is just better and easier all round.

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